A Comprehensive Guide to Fertility Testing for Women

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In the contemporary world, fertility problems are common in men and women. With time, the number of couples or individuals with fertility issues is increasing. As per a 2020 study by the World Health Organisation, the world has around 186 million individuals and 48 million couples with infertility. 

As a woman or female of reproductive age, you should consider yourself infertile and see a fertility expert or IVF doctor in Bangalore when you:

  • Do not conceive even after frequent and unprotected physical intimacy for a year if you are under 35
  • Don’t conceive through unprotected and frequent sex for 6 months if you are above 35  

A Comprehensive Guide to Fertility Testing for Women

At the clinic or hospital, a respective doctor will interact with you to know your lifestyle, medical history, and family background. After that, the doctor can conduct a physical examination and recommend a few tests. Here are all the probable fertility testing for women:

Ovulation testing

Your doctor can recommend you a Home Ovulation Testing Kit or you can buy it from a medical store to detect an increase in LH (luteinizing hormone), which occurs just before ovulation. Further, you can take a blood test for progesterone hormone to know whether you are ovulating or not. 

Hysterosalpingography

The doctor recommends this test to know the current health status of your uterus. During this test, the expert injects an X-ray contrast into your uterus to find out the issue. It can also detect whether fluid spills out of your fallopian tubes or passes out of your uterus. 

Ovarian reserve testing

Actually, this test helps your doctor estimate the number of eggs left in your ovaries. As a female, you are born with around one to two million eggs. At the puberty age, you have only 300 000 eggs left with you. And as you turn 35, the number of eggs goes down sharply.

Hormone testing

Hormone testing explains the current levels of ovulatory, pituitary, and thyroid hormones in your body. These hormones regulate your reproductive system. 

Imaging testing

Your doctor can recommend a pelvic ultrasound to detect the issues in your fallopian tubes or uterus. Sometimes, the expert can suggest a sonohysterogram, or a saline infusion sonogram, to know the details of your uterus. The details are the ones that can’t be seen through a pelvic ultrasound.

Suggest to Read:- Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Test Timing You Should Know

Physical examination

The doctor will conduct a physical examination of your breasts, thyroid, and hair growth in addition to pelvic examinations and a Pap Smear. 

Genetic testing

If you are over 35, your doctor can request genetic testing. It facilitates the doctor to find out whether you have chromosomal abnormalities or not. Further, it can help the expert know whether changes in genes are causing infertility in you.  

Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy

Sometimes, your doctor can recommend screenings like hysteroscopy and laparoscopy. These tests help the expert to know the inside of your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes in depth. 

What to do after fertility testing

As a woman/female willing to get pregnant, you need to do nothing after having fertility testing for women. You just need to follow your doctor’s instructions and comprehend the possible treatment options. While knowing a particular fertility treatment, you should ask questions about all associated points and request to explain a point again if you do not comprehend it. Here are probable treatment options for you:

  • IVF
  • IUI
  • ICSI
  • Donor egg 
  • Surrogacy 

Conclusion

Knowing fertility testing and treatment options is beneficial for you. It will facilitate you to the requisite action if you notice any reproductive health issues. Self-education and doctor’s support will help you get over female infertility and become a mother.

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