Pulmonary edema is a condition in which the lungs are filled with fluid. It is also known as lung crowds, lung water, and pulmonary sheep. When pulmonary edema is, the body has to struggle to get enough oxygen and you begin to breathe.
But the timely treatment of pulmonary edema and its main cause can improve potential consequences… You can order personal and related to your health products through any online pharmacy in Pakistan to get your products at your doorstep on the same day.
The reasons for pulmonary edema
There are several potential reasons for pulmonary edema.
Acting Calculation Failures
The most common cause of pulmonary edema is heart failure (CHF). Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood properly throughout the body. It makes pressure back up in the small blood vessels of the lungs, causing the fluid from the veins.
In a healthy body, the lungs will take oxygen from your breathing air and put it in the bloodstream. But when the fluid fills your lungs, they cannot put oxygen in the blood.
Other medical conditions
Some less common medical conditions that can cause pulmonary edema include:
- Heart attack, or other heart diseases
- Heart valves to be trapped, tight or spoiled
- Sudden hypertension
- Kidney damaged
- Lung damage caused by severe infection
- Poison in the blood due to severe blood sepsis, or infection
Some external factors can also put extra pressure on the heart and lungs and can cause pulmonary edema. These are external factors:
- Height exposure
- Illegal use of drugs or excessive amounts of drugs
- Lung damage from the breathing of toxic substances
- Severe trauma
- Big injury
- Close to drowning
Symptoms of pulmonary edema
In cases of pulmonary edema, your body will struggle to get oxygen. This is due to an increased amount of fluid in the lungs that prevents oxygen from getting into the bloodstream. Symptoms may get worse until you get treatment.
- Long-term pulmonary edema
- Symptoms of long-term pulmonary edema include:
- Shortness of breath when physically active
- Difficulty breathing while lying down
- A feeling of shortness of breath when awake at night that goes away when you sit up.
- Rapid weight gain
- Altitude decreases pulmonary edema
Altitude sickness, or pulmonary edema caused by not getting enough oxygen in the air, will cause symptoms including:
- Irregular, rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of breath after the exertion and during rest
- Get emergency help if these symptoms worsen.
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Diagnosis of pulmonary edema
They’ll do a basic physical exam and listen to your lungs with a stethoscope, looking for:
- Increased heart rate
- Breathing fast
- A crackling sound from your lungs
- Any abnormal heart sounds
Your doctor may also check your neck for fluid build-up, swelling in your legs and abdomen, and if your skin is pale or blue. If they believe you have fluid in your lungs, then they will order additional tests.
Examples of tests used to diagnose pulmonary edema include:
- Complete blood count
- An echocardiogram to check for abnormal heart activity
- Chest x-ray to look for fluid
- Blood tests to check oxygen levels
- An electrocardiogram (ECG) to look for heart rhythm problems or signs of a heart attack
Treatment of pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema is a serious condition that requires immediate treatment. Oxygen is always the first line of treatment for this condition. Your health care team can give you 100 percent oxygen through an oxygen mask, nasal cannula, or positive pressure mask.
Depending on your condition and cause of your pulmonary edema, your doctor may also prescribe:
This help reduces the pressure from fluid moving into your heart and lungs. Diuretics also help relieve this pressure by making you urinate, which eliminates fluid.
These drugs dilate your blood vessels and put pressure on your heart.
These will regulate your pulse, reduce high blood pressure, and relieve pressure in the arteries and veins.
This narcotic is used to relieve anxiety and shortness of breath. But because of the risks, very few doctors use morphine today.
A machine will deliver oxygen under pressure to help your lungs get more air. Sometimes this can be done with a mask or cannula, also known as Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP).
Your doctor may need to place an endotracheal tube, or breathing tube, down your throat and use mechanical ventilation.